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Menkyo Makimono

A SEMPAI is a Bushi Instructor He/she is normally a 1st Dan and higher, if designated as a result of qualification by virtue endorsement of the Avenger Dantai. They must have have been practicing karate for a minimum of five years, if designated qualified by virtue of endorsement by the Avenger Dantai.
A SENSEI is a Bushi Instructor He/she is normally a 2nd Dan and higher, if designated as a result of qualification by virtue endorsement of the Avenger Dantai. They must have held the rank of Blackbelt for a minimum of two years, if designated qualified by virtue of endorsement by the Avenger Dantai. A Sensei consistently demonstrates the “Avenger Karate Leadership Traits” & Principles.
A SHIHAN is a Bushi Instructor who oversees a small group of SENSEI. They are normally 4th Dan and higher, if designated as a result of qualification by virtue endorsement of the Avenger Dantai. They must have held the rank of Blackbelt for a minimum of 10-15 years, if designated qualified by virtue of endorsement by the Avenger Dantai. A Shihan consistently demonstrates great leadership traits and fine principles.
A RENSHI is a Bushi Instructor who oversees a small group of SHIHAN. They are normally 6th Dan and higher, if designated as a result of qualification by virtue endorsement of the Avenger Dantai. They must have held the rank of Blackbelt for a minimum of 15-20 years, if designated qualified by virtue of endorsement by the Avenger Dantai. A Renshi consistently demonstrates exceptional executive leadership traits and upholds unparalleled principles.
A KYOSHI is a Bushi Instructor who oversees a group of RENSHI. They are direct assistants to the HANSHI and assume all responsibilities and accountabilities in his/her absence. They are normally 8th Dan and higher, if designated as a result of qualification by virtue endorsement of the Avenger Dantai. They must have held the rank of Blackbelt for a minimum of 20-30 years, if designated qualified by virtue of endorsement by the Avenger Dantai. They must be of high character, who consistently demonstrates exemplary chief executive leadership traits and consummate principles that is worthy of emulation from martial artists internationally abroad before receiving the award.
10TH DAN Grandmaster

A HANSHI is a Bushi Instructor who oversees a group of KYOSHI. He/she holds the highest grade for active instructors in kendo, aikido, karate, judo, kyudo, etc. The Narite must be a person of excellent character and reputation, must have achieved at least 10th dan in a recognized school, have held the rank of Kyoshi for at least ten years, and be at least fifty-five years old. The Narite must also have made a very significant contribution to his art as an author or teacher, for example. This title is considered a prerequisite for higher dan grades and the titles “Meijin”and “Shihan”. He/she has overall responsibility and accountability for the Avenger Dantai. They must be of highest character, who consistently demonstrates exemplary and superior leadership traits and consummate principles that is worthy of emulation from martial artists internationally abroad before receiving the award.

 


History & Facts about “Rice Hulls Scroll Paper”

History - Rice paper originated in Jing County, Anhui Province. The early records of the county's papermaking can be found in imperial tribute listing, court edict, and local chronicles in 7th century.1

Around year of 1127 AD, Cao family moved to Little Ridge of Jing County to evade warfare then. For cultivated land was limited in the mountainous area, the family took papermaking as means of life and eventually became a major producer of rice paper.

The craft of rice paper was fully developed in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) with increased product varieties. In Qing Dynasty (1644-1911 AD), the paper industry grew rapidly. On east of the county, there was grand paper mill of Wang family, while Cao family's workshop was flourishing on west of the county.

In 1851, the largest of peasant uprisings in China's history, which lasted over ten years, broke out. The population sharply reduced by the war, and scarcely a standing house could be seen in Little Ridge, let alone a paper mill. It took 15 years for papermaking reviving in the area.

From 1921 to 1937, rice paper reached the height of its prosperity with 44 paper mills producing over hundred tons of paper each year. However, its production suffered a disastrous decline during World War II with only 10 paper mills survived, and following Civil War totally destroyed the industry. All paper mills were closed by 1949.

The papermaking began to recover from 1950s. Currently there are about 30 paper mills making rice paper in Jing County.

Facts - Rice Hulls paper, has a natural sheen, is handmade from the “salago bush”, which is a wild shrub, to include an abaca mix, inclusions, and made by 4 deckles that contain pulverized pulp in the form of a mold during the making of paper.2 Salago bark obtained from the salago species (Wikstroemia and Phaleria spp.) is primarily used in making paper money in the Phillipines.

Early in 1998 Graeham Owens acquired a company that had been importing paper from Nepal. This company has a distinct love for beautiful paper! Graeham Owens passion transcends the authenticity of the paper and has grown to include handmade paper manufacturers in Kathmandu and the natives in the rural villages who produce the raw paper using centuries old methods.

This paper is made in rustic rural mountainous villages absent of electricity. The paper is transported for 5 days and 5 nights, on the backs of donkeys, to reach the nearest passable road. From this point it travels to Kathmandu, where finished hand manufactured products are made. This company has spent a gratifying 5 years in Nepal, forming sound partnerships and lasting friendships for more than 100 families. This small business inception commenced as adoration for the paper making process and subsequently has grown into a warm cultural affiliation that continues to expand.

The logistics of manufacturing, distributing, and storing of this remarkable paper provides a livelihood for a few hundred people in a very poor, isolated area of the country. Graeham Owens supports a global economy in the most positive sense.

This paper is acid-free and tree-free (the lokta bush completely regenerates after harvesting). It is made today just as it was a thousand years ago. It is pure, rustic, long-fibered, strong, and beautiful. It is, perhaps, the most perfect paper on earth!

This Makimono paper is specially designed and made for the extraordinary Avenger Bushi!


1. http://www.rice-paper.com/essay/birthplace.html
2. http://www.graehamowens.com/


*KARATE BLACKBELT RANKS & LICENSE/TITLES

SYSTEM
AVERAGE DAN/RANK
LICENSE TITLE
WADO-RYU
2/3
TAHSHI/SENSEI
SHORIN-RYU
2/3
SENSEI
SHOTOKAN
2/3
SENSEI/SHIDOIN
GOJU RYU
2/3
SENSEI
ISSHIN RYU
2/3
SENSEI

SYSTEM
AVERAGE DAN/RANK
LICENSE TITLE
WADO-RYU
4/5
 RENSHI
SHORIN-RYU
4/5
 SHIHAN
SHOTOKAN
4/5
 RENSHI
GOJU RYU
4/5
 SHIHAN
ISSHIN RYU
4/5
 SHIHAN

SYSTEM
AVERAGE DAN/RANK
LICENSE TITLE
WADO-RYU
6/7
 KYOSHI
SHORIN-RYU
6/7
 RENSHI
SHOTOKAN
6/7
 SHIHAN
GOJU RYU
6/7
 RENSHI
ISSHIN RYU
6/7
 RENSHI

SYSTEM
AVERAGE DAN/RANK
LICENSE TITLE
WADO-RYU
8/9
 SHIHAN
SHORIN-RYU
8/9
 KYOSHI
SHOTOKAN
8/9
 KYOSHI
GOJU RYU
8/9
 KYOSHI
ISSHIN RYU
8/9
 KYOSHI

SYSTEM
AVERAGE DAN/RANK
LICENSE TITLE
WADO-RYU
10
HANSHI/**MEIJIN
SHORIN-RYU
10
HANSHI
SHOTOKAN
10
SHIHAN
GOJU RYU
10
HANSHI
ISSHIN RYU
10
HANSHI/**SOKE
* There are some karate systems that use different license titles and/or sequences.
** System Founder