History - Rice
paper originated in Jing County, Anhui Province. The early records of
the county's papermaking can be found in imperial tribute listing, court
edict, and local chronicles in 7th century.1
Around year of 1127 AD, Cao
family moved to Little Ridge of Jing County to evade warfare then. For
cultivated land was limited in the mountainous area, the family took
papermaking as means of life and eventually became a major producer
of rice paper.
The craft of rice paper was
fully developed in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) with increased product
varieties. In Qing Dynasty (1644-1911 AD), the paper industry grew rapidly.
On east of the county, there was grand paper mill of Wang family, while
Cao family's workshop was flourishing on west of the county.
In 1851, the largest of peasant
uprisings in China's history, which lasted over ten years, broke out.
The population sharply reduced by the war, and scarcely a standing house
could be seen in Little Ridge, let alone a paper mill. It took 15 years
for papermaking reviving in the area.
From 1921 to 1937, rice paper
reached the height of its prosperity with 44 paper mills producing over
hundred tons of paper each year. However, its production suffered a
disastrous decline during World War II with only 10 paper mills survived,
and following Civil War totally destroyed the industry. All paper mills
were closed by 1949.
The papermaking began to recover
from 1950s. Currently there are about 30 paper mills making rice paper
in Jing County.
Facts - Rice
Hulls paper, has a natural sheen, is handmade from the “salago
bush”, which is a wild shrub, to include an abaca mix, inclusions,
and made by 4 deckles that contain pulverized pulp in the form of a
mold during the making of paper.2 Salago bark obtained from the salago
species (Wikstroemia and Phaleria spp.) is primarily used in making
paper money in the Phillipines.
Early in 1998 Graeham Owens acquired a company that had been importing
paper from Nepal. This company has a distinct love for beautiful paper!
Graeham Owens passion transcends the authenticity of the paper and has
grown to include handmade paper manufacturers in Kathmandu and the natives
in the rural villages who produce the raw paper using centuries old
This paper is made in rustic rural mountainous villages absent of electricity.
The paper is transported for 5 days and 5 nights, on the backs of donkeys,
to reach the nearest passable road. From this point it travels to Kathmandu,
where finished hand manufactured products are made. This company has
spent a gratifying 5 years in Nepal, forming sound partnerships and
lasting friendships for more than 100 families. This small business
inception commenced as adoration for the paper making process and subsequently
has grown into a warm cultural affiliation that continues to expand.
The logistics of manufacturing, distributing, and storing of this remarkable
paper provides a livelihood for a few hundred people in a very poor,
isolated area of the country. Graeham Owens supports a global economy
in the most positive sense.
This paper is acid-free and tree-free (the lokta bush completely regenerates
after harvesting). It is made today just as it was a thousand years
ago. It is pure, rustic, long-fibered, strong, and beautiful. It is,
perhaps, the most perfect paper on earth!
Makimono paper is specially designed and made for the extraordinary